About Sleep disorders
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What is a sleep disorder?
This is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns. It is also known as somnipathy. Severe sleep disorders can interfere with the normal mental, physical, emotional and social functioning of a person.
Common sleep disorders include:
Types of sleep disorders
- Insomnia disorder (primary insomnia): This is a chronic difficulty in falling asleep and/or maintaining sleep
- Catathrenia: This is nocturnal groaning during prolonged exhalation.
- Delayed sleep phase disorder (DSPD): This is the inability to wake up or fall asleep at socially acceptable times.
- Restless legs syndrome (RLS): This is an irresistible urge to move legs.
- Idiopathic hypersomnia: This is a primary, neurologic cause of long-sleeping
- Bruxism: This is a condition where a person involuntarily grinds or clenches the teeth while sleeping.
- Kleine–Levin syndrome: This is a rare disorder characterized by cognitive or mood changes or persistent episodic hypersomnia
- Narcolepsy: This is a condition where you fall asleep spontaneously but unwillingly at inappropriate times.
- Hypopnea syndrome: This is the abnormally slow respiratory rate or shallow breathing while sleeping.
- Sleepwalking: This is the engaging in activities normally associated with wakefulness that may include walking, without the conscious knowledge of doing so
- Night terror: This is a sleep terror disorder whereby you abruptly awaken from sleep with behavior consistent with terror.
- Nocturia: This is a frequent need to get up and urinate at night.
- Sleep paralysis: This is characterized by temporary paralysis of the body shortly before or after sleep.
- Parasomnias: This is the disruptive sleep-related events which involve inappropriate actions during sleep such as night terrors, sleepwalking, and catathrenia.
- Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD): This is the sudden involuntary movement of arms and/or legs during sleep such as kicking the legs.
- Sleep apnea: This is the obstruction of the airway during sleep, which causes lack of sufficient deep sleep and is often accompanied by snoring.
- Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD): This is the acting out of violent or dramatic dreams while in REM sleep, sometimes injuring bed partner or self
- Shift work sleep disorder (SWSD): This is a situational circadian rhythm sleep disorder
- Somniphobia: This is a fear or dread of falling asleep.
Signs and symptoms of sleep disorders
- Dyssomnias: These include a wide category of sleep disorders characterized by either insomnia or hypersomnia.
- Parasomnias: This is a category of sleep disorders which involve abnormal as well as unnatural movements, emotions, behaviors, perceptions and dreams with regard to sleep.
- Circadian rhythm sleep disorders: This includes delayed sleep phase disorder, non-24-hour sleep–wake disorder and advanced sleep phase disorder.
- Sleeping sickness: This is a parasitic disease transmitted by the tsetse fly.
- Medical or psychiatric conditions that may produce sleep disorders such as mood disorders, alcoholism, and psychosis.
- Difficulty staying awake while sitting still, reading or watching television
- Feeling irritable or sleepy during the day
- Difficulty concentrating
- Having trouble controlling emotions
- Falling asleep or feeling fatigued when driving
- Reacting slowly
- Requiring caffeinated beverages to keep awake
- Feeling like taking a nap almost everyday
- What is the treatment for sleep disorders?
- Behavioral and psychotherapeutic treatment
- Rehabilitation and management
- Other somatic treatment
Learn more about Sleep disorders